One of the temples that is often heard in our beloved homeland is Prambanan Temple. The temple which is a temple for Hindus has an architectural style that is different from Borobudur Temple. But of course, the Prambanan Temple tour does not deter its beauty compared to the Borobudur Temple or the Angkor Wat temple.
Prambanan Temple is located in the village of Bokoharjo, Prambanan District, Sleman Regency in Jogjakarta. In contrast to the authentic history of Prambanan Temple, the name of this temple is legendary through a love story not until between Bandung Bandawasa and Rara Jongrang.
Prambanan Temple The Nice Place
It is said that based on legend, Rara Jonggrang begged a thousand temples in one night like the prerequisites of Bandung Bandawasa applications. Through the encouragement of genies, Bandung Bandawasa was able to cope with a thousand temples which at the end were thwarted by Rara Jonggrang. Just same with Magnificent Pagoda in the Karo Plateau of Medan.
Understanding the cheating carried out by Rara Jonggrang about such matter, Bandung Bandawasa became furious and cursed Rara Jonggrang to be the last statue of a thousand temples which he built in one night about such. Because of this, a female statue appeared in one of the Prambanan Temples.
This temple is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the most Hindu temple in Indonesia, as well as one of the most beautiful temples in Southeast Asia. The architecture of this building is large and slender appropriate to Hindu architecture in general with Shiva temples as the main temple has a height of 47 m soar amid the complex cluster of smaller temples. Like one of the grandest temples in Southeast Asia, the Prambanan temple is a tourist attraction from around the world.
The restoration of Prambanan Temple took a very long time, as if it did not end. The rediscovery of the most building ruins, the Syiwa Temple, was reported by C. A. Lons in 1733. Initial excavation and recording efforts were carried out at the base of the supervision of Groneman. Excavations were completed in 1885, including clearing of shrubs and grouping of temple ruins.
Based on the Siwagrha inscription, this temple began to be formed near 850 AD by Rakai Pikatan, and continued to be optimized and expanded by Balitung Maha Sambu, during the Medang kingdom of Mataram. Prambanan Temple or Loro Jonggrang Temple is the most complicated Hindu temple in Indonesia that was formed in the 9th century AD. This temple was told to Trimurti, 3 main Hindu deities namely Brahma like a creator god, Wishnu was like a guardian god, and Shiva was like a god of destruction. For Siwagrha inscriptions the temple’s complicated and authentic name is Siwagrha (Sanskrit meaning “House of Shiva”), and indeed in the garbagriha (main room) this temple is housed in a 3 m tall Shiva Mahadewa statue which shows that in this temple Shiva is preferred.
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The name Prambanan, derived from the name of the village where the temple area stands, is predicted to be a Javanese dialect change from the Hindu theological designation of the Brahmins, meaning “Great Brahman” ie Brahman or the highest and most eternal, unverifiable reality, which is often equated with the concept of Maha in Hinduism. Another assumption is that the Brahmins may refer to the heyday of this temple which was once filled with Brahmins. Another assumption makes a comment that the name “Prambanan” comes from the base of the word mban in Javanese, which means to bear or carry a task, referring to the Hindu gods who carry out the task of fixing and working on harmony in the universe.
The complicated authentic name of this Hindu temple is the name of Sanskrit; Siwagrha (House of Shiva) or Siwalaya (Nature of Shiva), for Siwagrha Inscription dating to 778 Saka (856 AD). Trimurti is glorified in this elaborate temple with 3 main temples glorifying Brahma, Shiva, and Vishnu. It is intended that Shiva Mahadewa who occupies the main room in the Shiva temple is a highly glorified deity in the intricate of this temple.